B.Sc (Revised 30.12.15)

Appreciation of Ozymandias

Shelley, a renowned poet of the Romantic age describes a traveller’s report on Ozymandias.The traveller had seen two huge trunkless legs of stone half sunk in the desert. He had seen a broken face which was also half sunk. The traveller describes the face as he had seen it. It had an angered look with a stern commanding position. According to the traveller, the sculptor had read the original passions of the king and had stamped them to the reality. He has made the passions survive even though the sculpture is damaged.
The words on the pedestal reflect that Ozymandias had been a powerful king, but nothing is permanent, Seeing his broken sculptor, everyone would feel desperate. The emptiness of the place except the trunkless legs and the broken face is clearly reflected at the end of the poem.
The image of Ozymandias shows that one may be powerful king when alive but nothing is permanent. Describing the broken statues, the poet implies that you may be mighty but one day you will be left alone. The description of the statue and the vast level sands imply the loneliness and emptiness after the decay. It is to be noted that Shelley, usually considered to be an optimistic poet talks about the impermanency of the life.

Lesson 1.1

With the Photographer
Short Questions
1. He was a drooping man in a grey suit, with a dim eye of a natural scientist. But there is no need to describe him. Everybody knows what a photographer is like.
a. Why is he a drooping man? (1)
b. Define natural scientist. (2)
c. Are all photographers the same? (2)

2. ‘This face is my face. It is not yours; it is mine. I’ve lived with it for forty years and I know its faults. I know it’s out of drawing; I know it wasn’t made for me, but it’s my face – the only one I have.’ I was conscious of a break in my voice, but I went on, ‘such as it is, I’ve learned to love it. And this is my mouth, not yours. These ears are mine, and if your machine is too narrow –‘ Here I started to rise from the seat.
a. out of drawing- Define (1)
b. Why was a break in his voice? (2)
c. Snick- Why was the photograph taken? (2)

3. Coat it with an inch of gloss, shade it, emboss it, gild it, till even you acknowledge that it is finished. Then when you have done all that, keep it for yourself and your friends. They may value it. To me it is but a worthless bauble.’
a. Give the meaning of emboss. (1)
b. They may value it- who we ‘They’? What is ‘it’? (2)
c. Why does the author confides it as worthless? (2)

Lesson 2.1

1. I met a traveller from an antique land
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert…
a. Who is ‘I’? (1)
b. ‘Antique’- What does the word signify? (2)
c. Explain the lines. (2)

2. Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown,
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive

a. Shattered visage- Give the meaning (1)
b. What type of a person was Ozymandias? (2)
c. Why is there a mention of the sculptor? (2)

3. “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works ye mighty and despair!”
a. Where do these words appear? (1)
b. Who is king of kings? (2)
c. Explain the lines. (2)


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